India-Herbs.com Herbal Glossary
 
India-Herbs.com Herbal Glossary

Chinese Licorice
Name :Chinese Licorice
Synonyms : Chineselicorice

Gancao (Chinese name)

Kan-ts'ao

Kuo-lao

Licoriceroot

Ling-t'ung

Liquorice

Lu-ts'ao

Mei-ts'ao

Mi-kan

Mi-ts'ao

Sweetlicorice

Sweetwood

YastiMadhu (Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Root, dried
Habitat :Found wild in southern and central Europe and parts of Asia, andcultivated elsewhere. Grows abundantly in Northern China, Mongolia,especially from the region of Kokonor.
Description :Licorice is a perennial erect branching plant 3-7 feet tall; thewoody rootstock is wrinkled and brown on the outside, yellow on theinside, and tastes sweet. The stem, which is round on the lower partand angular higher up, bears alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 3-7pairs of ovate, dark green leaflets. Axillary racemes of yellowishor purplish 3-foot-long spikes of flowers appear from June to August,depending on location.

Full sun to partial shade. The roots are dug when sweetest, in autumnof the 4th year, preferably from plants that have not borne fruit,a process that exhausts the sweetness of the sap.

Another variety of licorice is Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota).It can be used like G. glabra. Wild licorice can raise blood pressurelike G. glabra.
Constituents :Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin,glycosides, volatile oil, coumarins, estrogenic substances, sterols,saponins, manganese, PABA, pantothenic acid, pentacyclic terpenes,phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, andyellow dye.

Substances in this herb seem to produce physiological reactions ofdesoxycorticosterone, with associated retention of sodium and waterand the excretion of potassium.

Demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, emetic, emolient, pectoral,alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, sedative, tonic, stimulant
Uses :Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis,consumption, colitis,cystitis, general debility, stomach ulcers,diverticulosis, indigestion, gastritis,bladder, kidneyailments, stress, colds,coughs, laryngitis or hoarseness, sore throats,relieves thirst, fevers, nausea, and inflammation.Cleanses the colon, lowers blood cholesterol,promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscleor skeletal spasms, and increases fluidity of mucus from the lungs,coughs, hoarseness, mucous congestion, and bronchialtubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice.

A strong decoction makes a good laxative for children and may alsohelp to reduce fever. Add licorice to other medicines to make themmore palatable.

Externally, used as an ointment for eczema,psoriasis, burns,boils, sores, ulcers,and redness of the skin. Made by adding 2% of licorice juice to anantibiotic formula.

Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon.

Deglycerrhizinated licorice may stimulate the body's defense mechanismsthat prevent the occurrence of ulcers by increasing the amount ofmucous-secreting cells in the digestive tract. This improves the qualityof mucous, lengthens intestinal cell life and enhances microcirculationin the gastrointestinal lining. Licorice derivatives have been recommendedas a standard nutritional support for peptic ulcersufferers in Europe.

Licorice is 50 times sweeter than sugar.
Dosage :Decoction: use 1 tsp. rootstock with 1 cup water. Take 1 cupa day.

Licorice mixed with wild cherry, and flaxseed makes a wonderful coughsyrup.

For sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, coughs, and bronchial irritations,the following Chinese formula should be sipped slowly:

Kan-ts'ao (licorice root) 1/2 oz. Chih-ma (flaxseed) 1 oz.

Boil in 1-1/2 pints of water for 10 minutes, strain. Dose: 1 cupof hot tea, 3 to 4 times a day. Sip slowly.
Safety :Do not use licorice root if you have high blood pressure, liver disease,or low levels of potassium. The increased production of aldosteronecan raise blood pressure; believed to cause retention of fluids; inlarge quantities, licorice can sap potassium and calcium from thebody, which is extremely dangerous. Not to be taken by people witha rapid heartbeat or those taking digoxin-based drugs. Avoid in casesof osteoporosis, hypertension, and swelling around the heart. Licoriceis contraindicated in cases where there is a tendency towards fluidretention, edema with high blood pressure. It should be used moderatelyfor women, who tend to retain water more than men. Application shouldnot continue for more than 4-6 weeks.

Women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should not use licorice duringPMS, due to its ability to cause water retention or bloating.

Licorice-flavored candy does not offer the same benefits as preparationsfrom the root, but can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Myths :Licorice was used as a treatment for coughs as long ago as the thirdcentury BC. When the 3,000 year old tomb of King Tutankhamen of Egyptwas opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored withfabulous jewelry and magnificent art works. Did the boy king havea special liking for licorice?

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice a general tonic,beautifying agent, and elixir of life.

Ancient Chinese divided their drugs into 3 classes, according totheir reputed properties. Licorice was of the first class because'They preserve the life of man, and therefore resemble Heaven. Theyare not poisonous. No matter how much you take, and how often youuse them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple,improve the breath, become old in years without aging in body, thenmake use of drugs of this class.'

It has been stated that 'Licorice sugar will not crystallize norferment, even when yeast is added.'

Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC; Pliny wrote 1900 yearsago about the juice of licorice helping to clear the voice. It ismentioned in practically all botanical records of mankind.

In World War I, the French provided their troops with a beveragemade with licorice root.

The Chinese claim to have used the herb root for more than 5,000years. Chinese healers prescribed licorice for flare-ups of arthritis,but back then they didn't know that licorice contained saponins, anti-inflammatorycompounds similar to natural steroid hormones. Licorice stimulatesthe production of 2 steroids, cortisone and aldosterone.

A list of 365 medicinal herbs were compiled in China about 2,000years ago, called the Shennong Herbal. Licorice was listed as a 'superior'drug, meaning it can be used over a long period of time without toxiceffects. It actually has antiviral, antiallergic and, as stated, anti-inflammatoryproperties.

Licorice root, considered of great importance in Chinese medicine,is sold in long, dry, wrinkled pieces. It is used in a large numberof prescriptions as a corrective and harmonizing ingredient. The extractis used in the composition of cough lozenges, syrups, and pastilles.

In the United States, the National Cancer Institute is investigatingtriterpenoids, compounds found in licorice root, for the capabilityto inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and prevent tooth decay.

The Japanese are investigating glycyrrhetic acid as a possible cancertreatment.

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) was known to the Blackfeet tribeas 'Pa ki to ki' and was a remedy for sore throat and stomach trouble.They steeped the gray leaves.

Licorice is used in great quantities in modern tobacco mixtures.
Nutrient :Manganese, phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9,and E.
Sold :Powder

Capsules: take 1 capsule to up to 3 times daily.

Gan Cao
Name :Gan Cao
Synonyms : Chineselicorice

Gancao (Chinese name)

Kan-ts'ao

Kuo-lao

Licoriceroot

Ling-t'ung

Liquorice

Lu-ts'ao

Mei-ts'ao

Mi-kan

Mi-ts'ao

Sweetlicorice

Sweetwood

YastiMadhu (Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Root, dried
Habitat :Found wild in southern and central Europe and parts of Asia, andcultivated elsewhere. Grows abundantly in Northern China, Mongolia,especially from the region of Kokonor.
Description :Licorice is a perennial erect branching plant 3-7 feet tall; thewoody rootstock is wrinkled and brown on the outside, yellow on theinside, and tastes sweet. The stem, which is round on the lower partand angular higher up, bears alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 3-7pairs of ovate, dark green leaflets. Axillary racemes of yellowishor purplish 3-foot-long spikes of flowers appear from June to August,depending on location.

Full sun to partial shade. The roots are dug when sweetest, in autumnof the 4th year, preferably from plants that have not borne fruit,a process that exhausts the sweetness of the sap.

Another variety of licorice is Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota).It can be used like G. glabra. Wild licorice can raise blood pressurelike G. glabra.
Constituents :Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin,glycosides, volatile oil, coumarins, estrogenic substances, sterols,saponins, manganese, PABA, pantothenic acid, pentacyclic terpenes,phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, andyellow dye.

Substances in this herb seem to produce physiological reactions ofdesoxycorticosterone, with associated retention of sodium and waterand the excretion of potassium.

Demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, emetic, emolient, pectoral,alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, sedative, tonic, stimulant
Uses :Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis,consumption, colitis,cystitis, general debility, stomach ulcers,diverticulosis, indigestion, gastritis,bladder, kidneyailments, stress, colds,coughs, laryngitis or hoarseness, sore throats,relieves thirst, fevers, nausea, and inflammation.Cleanses the colon, lowers blood cholesterol,promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscleor skeletal spasms, and increases fluidity of mucus from the lungs,coughs, hoarseness, mucous congestion, and bronchialtubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice.

A strong decoction makes a good laxative for children and may alsohelp to reduce fever. Add licorice to other medicines to make themmore palatable.

Externally, used as an ointment for eczema,psoriasis, burns,boils, sores, ulcers,and redness of the skin. Made by adding 2% of licorice juice to anantibiotic formula.

Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon.

Deglycerrhizinated licorice may stimulate the body's defense mechanismsthat prevent the occurrence of ulcers by increasing the amount ofmucous-secreting cells in the digestive tract. This improves the qualityof mucous, lengthens intestinal cell life and enhances microcirculationin the gastrointestinal lining. Licorice derivatives have been recommendedas a standard nutritional support for peptic ulcersufferers in Europe.

Licorice is 50 times sweeter than sugar.
Dosage :Decoction: use 1 tsp. rootstock with 1 cup water. Take 1 cupa day.

Licorice mixed with wild cherry, and flaxseed makes a wonderful coughsyrup.

For sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, coughs, and bronchial irritations,the following Chinese formula should be sipped slowly:

Kan-ts'ao (licorice root) 1/2 oz. Chih-ma (flaxseed) 1 oz.

Boil in 1-1/2 pints of water for 10 minutes, strain. Dose: 1 cupof hot tea, 3 to 4 times a day. Sip slowly.
Safety :Do not use licorice root if you have high blood pressure, liver disease,or low levels of potassium. The increased production of aldosteronecan raise blood pressure; believed to cause retention of fluids; inlarge quantities, licorice can sap potassium and calcium from thebody, which is extremely dangerous. Not to be taken by people witha rapid heartbeat or those taking digoxin-based drugs. Avoid in casesof osteoporosis, hypertension, and swelling around the heart. Licoriceis contraindicated in cases where there is a tendency towards fluidretention, edema with high blood pressure. It should be used moderatelyfor women, who tend to retain water more than men. Application shouldnot continue for more than 4-6 weeks.

Women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should not use licorice duringPMS, due to its ability to cause water retention or bloating.

Licorice-flavored candy does not offer the same benefits as preparationsfrom the root, but can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Myths :Licorice was used as a treatment for coughs as long ago as the thirdcentury BC. When the 3,000 year old tomb of King Tutankhamen of Egyptwas opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored withfabulous jewelry and magnificent art works. Did the boy king havea special liking for licorice?

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice a general tonic,beautifying agent, and elixir of life.

Ancient Chinese divided their drugs into 3 classes, according totheir reputed properties. Licorice was of the first class because'They preserve the life of man, and therefore resemble Heaven. Theyare not poisonous. No matter how much you take, and how often youuse them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple,improve the breath, become old in years without aging in body, thenmake use of drugs of this class.'

It has been stated that 'Licorice sugar will not crystallize norferment, even when yeast is added.'

Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC; Pliny wrote 1900 yearsago about the juice of licorice helping to clear the voice. It ismentioned in practically all botanical records of mankind.

In World War I, the French provided their troops with a beveragemade with licorice root.

The Chinese claim to have used the herb root for more than 5,000years. Chinese healers prescribed licorice for flare-ups of arthritis,but back then they didn't know that licorice contained saponins, anti-inflammatorycompounds similar to natural steroid hormones. Licorice stimulatesthe production of 2 steroids, cortisone and aldosterone.

A list of 365 medicinal herbs were compiled in China about 2,000years ago, called the Shennong Herbal. Licorice was listed as a 'superior'drug, meaning it can be used over a long period of time without toxiceffects. It actually has antiviral, antiallergic and, as stated, anti-inflammatoryproperties.

Licorice root, considered of great importance in Chinese medicine,is sold in long, dry, wrinkled pieces. It is used in a large numberof prescriptions as a corrective and harmonizing ingredient. The extractis used in the composition of cough lozenges, syrups, and pastilles.

In the United States, the National Cancer Institute is investigatingtriterpenoids, compounds found in licorice root, for the capabilityto inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and prevent tooth decay.

The Japanese are investigating glycyrrhetic acid as a possible cancertreatment.

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) was known to the Blackfeet tribeas 'Pa ki to ki' and was a remedy for sore throat and stomach trouble.They steeped the gray leaves.

Licorice is used in great quantities in modern tobacco mixtures.
Nutrient :Manganese, phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9,and E.
Sold :Powder

Capsules: take 1 capsule to up to 3 times daily.

Hei-chih-ma
Name :Hei-chih-ma
Synonyms : Hei-chih-ma(Chinese name)

Sesameseed

Tila(Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Seeds
Habitat :A native to Africa and the warmer parts of Asia. Naturalized fromFlorida to Texas, it is happiest in its native tropics and will growin warm climates. Requires full sun and rich, moist soil.
Description :Sesame is a strong, slender annual growing to 1 1/2-3 feet tall,with slender, dark-green leaves, 5 inches long, and inch-long, palepink flowers, resembling foxglove, which lie along the square stem.The seeds vary in color: red, black, brown, or creamy white seeds.Seedpods will not develop without adequate moisture; requires wateringduring dry periods. It is a warmth-loving plant which will only matureits seeds in our southern states and Hawaii, though it may be startedearly in pots in the north and planted in the garden for decorativepurposes. Full sun. Zones 8-10.

Another variety: The Chinese use a plant called sesame (Sesamumindicum) that they name Hu-ma. The famous general, Chang Chien, tookthe seed from the West to China when he made his famous tour in thetime of the Han dynasty.
Constituents :Over 50% fatty oil, (including olein, linolein, palmitin, stearinand myristin), lecithin, choline, 1% oxalate acid, choroginic acid,vitamins E, A and B and appreciable amounts of calcium.

Demulcent, digestive, excretory, emollient, laxative, nutritive,tonic
Uses :Nourishes the liver and kidneys, lubricates dry intestines, darkensprematurely graying hair. Treats backache, tinnitus,blurry vision, migraines,vertigo or dizziness, chronicconstipation, hemorrhoids,dysentery, amenorrhea,dysmenorrhea, recedinggums, tooth decay, hair loss, weak bones, osteoporosis, emaciation,dry cough, blood in the urine, weak knees, stiffjoints.

Because of its easily assimilated calcium content, it nourishes theblood, calms nervous spasms, and alleviates headaches,dizziness and numbness caused by deficient blood. Its a good tonic,particularly for the aged.

The oil of sesame will help burns,boils, ulcers,sunburn, remove freckles, agespots.
Dosage :The seeds are thoroughly ground into powder and mixed into a pastewith honey; take 2 tsp. daily. In the Middle East this mixture iseaten as a candy called halva. If you make your own, for variety adda dash of vanilla or maple flavoring, or add chopped nuts or dates.Shape into 2 tsp. balls or patties and refrigerate. Eat one pattyper day. It has the consistency of fudge.

For dry cough, asthmatic andlung conditions, combine the powdered seeds with a pinch of blackpepper, ginger juice, and honey. Take 1 tbsp. 3 times a day.
Safety :Care should be taken in obesity.
Myths :Earliest records show that sesame seed was a staple food and oilsource in China, Japan, and India, and was used in ancient Greece.The Egyptians and Persians of Biblical times ground it into a kindof flour, from which they made bread. The Romans crushed the seedand used it like butter for a spread on bread. Today it is still usedas a bread spread, the oil being used in the manufacture of some oleo-margarines.

Each plant produces only 1 tbsp. of seed, often none in cool climates.

One source claims that the halva candy is an aphrodisiac. It containsa rich supply of potassium and magnesium salts of aspartic acid. Inaddition, you get a bonus of vitamin E (called the fertility vitamin),calcium, phosphorus, and unsaturated fatty acids (vitamin F) as wellas lecithin, and 50% more protein than meat. The hormone hypophysealproduced by the pituitary gland is basically protein in nature andobviously needs this nutrient in the diet for its development. Thishormone is a key factor to healthy activity of the sex glands. Sothat is why some people call halva the Sex Candy.
Nutrient :Carbohydrates, phosphorus, niacin, protein, calcium, vitamins C,E and A, and unsaturated fatty acids.
Sold :Halva or Halvah bars can be obtained in health food stores but besure to read the label, some are fortified with large amounts of sugaror corn syrup instead of honey. There are various flavors: vanilla,chocolate, and marbled, or with chopped nut covering.

You can buy sesame seeds at health food stores, mail order healthfood companies, herb companies, and even at some supermarkets or cornergrocery stores.

Licorice Root
Name :Licorice Root
Synonyms : Chineselicorice

Gancao (Chinese name)

Kan-ts'ao

Kuo-lao

Licoriceroot

Ling-t'ung

Liquorice

Lu-ts'ao

Mei-ts'ao

Mi-kan

Mi-ts'ao

Sweetlicorice

Sweetwood

YastiMadhu (Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Root, dried
Habitat :Found wild in southern and central Europe and parts of Asia, andcultivated elsewhere. Grows abundantly in Northern China, Mongolia,especially from the region of Kokonor.
Description :Licorice is a perennial erect branching plant 3-7 feet tall; thewoody rootstock is wrinkled and brown on the outside, yellow on theinside, and tastes sweet. The stem, which is round on the lower partand angular higher up, bears alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 3-7pairs of ovate, dark green leaflets. Axillary racemes of yellowishor purplish 3-foot-long spikes of flowers appear from June to August,depending on location.

Full sun to partial shade. The roots are dug when sweetest, in autumnof the 4th year, preferably from plants that have not borne fruit,a process that exhausts the sweetness of the sap.

Another variety of licorice is Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota).It can be used like G. glabra. Wild licorice can raise blood pressurelike G. glabra.
Constituents :Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin,glycosides, volatile oil, coumarins, estrogenic substances, sterols,saponins, manganese, PABA, pantothenic acid, pentacyclic terpenes,phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, andyellow dye.

Substances in this herb seem to produce physiological reactions ofdesoxycorticosterone, with associated retention of sodium and waterand the excretion of potassium.

Demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, emetic, emolient, pectoral,alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, sedative, tonic, stimulant
Uses :Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis,consumption, colitis,cystitis, general debility, stomach ulcers,diverticulosis, indigestion, gastritis,bladder, kidneyailments, stress, colds,coughs, laryngitis or hoarseness, sore throats,relieves thirst, fevers, nausea, and inflammation.Cleanses the colon, lowers blood cholesterol,promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscleor skeletal spasms, and increases fluidity of mucus from the lungs,coughs, hoarseness, mucous congestion, and bronchialtubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice.

A strong decoction makes a good laxative for children and may alsohelp to reduce fever. Add licorice to other medicines to make themmore palatable.

Externally, used as an ointment for eczema,psoriasis, burns,boils, sores, ulcers,and redness of the skin. Made by adding 2% of licorice juice to anantibiotic formula.

Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon.

Deglycerrhizinated licorice may stimulate the body's defense mechanismsthat prevent the occurrence of ulcers by increasing the amount ofmucous-secreting cells in the digestive tract. This improves the qualityof mucous, lengthens intestinal cell life and enhances microcirculationin the gastrointestinal lining. Licorice derivatives have been recommendedas a standard nutritional support for peptic ulcersufferers in Europe.

Licorice is 50 times sweeter than sugar.
Dosage :Decoction: use 1 tsp. rootstock with 1 cup water. Take 1 cupa day.

Licorice mixed with wild cherry, and flaxseed makes a wonderful coughsyrup.

For sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, coughs, and bronchial irritations,the following Chinese formula should be sipped slowly:

Kan-ts'ao (licorice root) 1/2 oz. Chih-ma (flaxseed) 1 oz.

Boil in 1-1/2 pints of water for 10 minutes, strain. Dose: 1 cupof hot tea, 3 to 4 times a day. Sip slowly.
Safety :Do not use licorice root if you have high blood pressure, liver disease,or low levels of potassium. The increased production of aldosteronecan raise blood pressure; believed to cause retention of fluids; inlarge quantities, licorice can sap potassium and calcium from thebody, which is extremely dangerous. Not to be taken by people witha rapid heartbeat or those taking digoxin-based drugs. Avoid in casesof osteoporosis, hypertension, and swelling around the heart. Licoriceis contraindicated in cases where there is a tendency towards fluidretention, edema with high blood pressure. It should be used moderatelyfor women, who tend to retain water more than men. Application shouldnot continue for more than 4-6 weeks.

Women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should not use licorice duringPMS, due to its ability to cause water retention or bloating.

Licorice-flavored candy does not offer the same benefits as preparationsfrom the root, but can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Myths :Licorice was used as a treatment for coughs as long ago as the thirdcentury BC. When the 3,000 year old tomb of King Tutankhamen of Egyptwas opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored withfabulous jewelry and magnificent art works. Did the boy king havea special liking for licorice?

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice a general tonic,beautifying agent, and elixir of life.

Ancient Chinese divided their drugs into 3 classes, according totheir reputed properties. Licorice was of the first class because'They preserve the life of man, and therefore resemble Heaven. Theyare not poisonous. No matter how much you take, and how often youuse them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple,improve the breath, become old in years without aging in body, thenmake use of drugs of this class.'

It has been stated that 'Licorice sugar will not crystallize norferment, even when yeast is added.'

Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC; Pliny wrote 1900 yearsago about the juice of licorice helping to clear the voice. It ismentioned in practically all botanical records of mankind.

In World War I, the French provided their troops with a beveragemade with licorice root.

The Chinese claim to have used the herb root for more than 5,000years. Chinese healers prescribed licorice for flare-ups of arthritis,but back then they didn't know that licorice contained saponins, anti-inflammatorycompounds similar to natural steroid hormones. Licorice stimulatesthe production of 2 steroids, cortisone and aldosterone.

A list of 365 medicinal herbs were compiled in China about 2,000years ago, called the Shennong Herbal. Licorice was listed as a 'superior'drug, meaning it can be used over a long period of time without toxiceffects. It actually has antiviral, antiallergic and, as stated, anti-inflammatoryproperties.

Licorice root, considered of great importance in Chinese medicine,is sold in long, dry, wrinkled pieces. It is used in a large numberof prescriptions as a corrective and harmonizing ingredient. The extractis used in the composition of cough lozenges, syrups, and pastilles.

In the United States, the National Cancer Institute is investigatingtriterpenoids, compounds found in licorice root, for the capabilityto inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and prevent tooth decay.

The Japanese are investigating glycyrrhetic acid as a possible cancertreatment.

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) was known to the Blackfeet tribeas 'Pa ki to ki' and was a remedy for sore throat and stomach trouble.They steeped the gray leaves.

Licorice is used in great quantities in modern tobacco mixtures.
Nutrient :Manganese, phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9,and E.
Sold :Powder

Capsules: take 1 capsule to up to 3 times daily.

Mei-ts'ao
Name :Mei-ts'ao
Synonyms : Chineselicorice

Gancao (Chinese name)

Kan-ts'ao

Kuo-lao

Licoriceroot

Ling-t'ung

Liquorice

Lu-ts'ao

Mei-ts'ao

Mi-kan

Mi-ts'ao

Sweetlicorice

Sweetwood

YastiMadhu (Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Root, dried
Habitat :Found wild in southern and central Europe and parts of Asia, andcultivated elsewhere. Grows abundantly in Northern China, Mongolia,especially from the region of Kokonor.
Description :Licorice is a perennial erect branching plant 3-7 feet tall; thewoody rootstock is wrinkled and brown on the outside, yellow on theinside, and tastes sweet. The stem, which is round on the lower partand angular higher up, bears alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 3-7pairs of ovate, dark green leaflets. Axillary racemes of yellowishor purplish 3-foot-long spikes of flowers appear from June to August,depending on location.

Full sun to partial shade. The roots are dug when sweetest, in autumnof the 4th year, preferably from plants that have not borne fruit,a process that exhausts the sweetness of the sap.

Another variety of licorice is Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota).It can be used like G. glabra. Wild licorice can raise blood pressurelike G. glabra.
Constituents :Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin,glycosides, volatile oil, coumarins, estrogenic substances, sterols,saponins, manganese, PABA, pantothenic acid, pentacyclic terpenes,phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, andyellow dye.

Substances in this herb seem to produce physiological reactions ofdesoxycorticosterone, with associated retention of sodium and waterand the excretion of potassium.

Demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, emetic, emolient, pectoral,alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, sedative, tonic, stimulant
Uses :Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis,consumption, colitis,cystitis, general debility, stomach ulcers,diverticulosis, indigestion, gastritis,bladder, kidneyailments, stress, colds,coughs, laryngitis or hoarseness, sore throats,relieves thirst, fevers, nausea, and inflammation.Cleanses the colon, lowers blood cholesterol,promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscleor skeletal spasms, and increases fluidity of mucus from the lungs,coughs, hoarseness, mucous congestion, and bronchialtubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice.

A strong decoction makes a good laxative for children and may alsohelp to reduce fever. Add licorice to other medicines to make themmore palatable.

Externally, used as an ointment for eczema,psoriasis, burns,boils, sores, ulcers,and redness of the skin. Made by adding 2% of licorice juice to anantibiotic formula.

Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon.

Deglycerrhizinated licorice may stimulate the body's defense mechanismsthat prevent the occurrence of ulcers by increasing the amount ofmucous-secreting cells in the digestive tract. This improves the qualityof mucous, lengthens intestinal cell life and enhances microcirculationin the gastrointestinal lining. Licorice derivatives have been recommendedas a standard nutritional support for peptic ulcersufferers in Europe.

Licorice is 50 times sweeter than sugar.
Dosage :Decoction: use 1 tsp. rootstock with 1 cup water. Take 1 cupa day.

Licorice mixed with wild cherry, and flaxseed makes a wonderful coughsyrup.

For sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, coughs, and bronchial irritations,the following Chinese formula should be sipped slowly:

Kan-ts'ao (licorice root) 1/2 oz. Chih-ma (flaxseed) 1 oz.

Boil in 1-1/2 pints of water for 10 minutes, strain. Dose: 1 cupof hot tea, 3 to 4 times a day. Sip slowly.
Safety :Do not use licorice root if you have high blood pressure, liver disease,or low levels of potassium. The increased production of aldosteronecan raise blood pressure; believed to cause retention of fluids; inlarge quantities, licorice can sap potassium and calcium from thebody, which is extremely dangerous. Not to be taken by people witha rapid heartbeat or those taking digoxin-based drugs. Avoid in casesof osteoporosis, hypertension, and swelling around the heart. Licoriceis contraindicated in cases where there is a tendency towards fluidretention, edema with high blood pressure. It should be used moderatelyfor women, who tend to retain water more than men. Application shouldnot continue for more than 4-6 weeks.

Women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should not use licorice duringPMS, due to its ability to cause water retention or bloating.

Licorice-flavored candy does not offer the same benefits as preparationsfrom the root, but can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Myths :Licorice was used as a treatment for coughs as long ago as the thirdcentury BC. When the 3,000 year old tomb of King Tutankhamen of Egyptwas opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored withfabulous jewelry and magnificent art works. Did the boy king havea special liking for licorice?

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice a general tonic,beautifying agent, and elixir of life.

Ancient Chinese divided their drugs into 3 classes, according totheir reputed properties. Licorice was of the first class because'They preserve the life of man, and therefore resemble Heaven. Theyare not poisonous. No matter how much you take, and how often youuse them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple,improve the breath, become old in years without aging in body, thenmake use of drugs of this class.'

It has been stated that 'Licorice sugar will not crystallize norferment, even when yeast is added.'

Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC; Pliny wrote 1900 yearsago about the juice of licorice helping to clear the voice. It ismentioned in practically all botanical records of mankind.

In World War I, the French provided their troops with a beveragemade with licorice root.

The Chinese claim to have used the herb root for more than 5,000years. Chinese healers prescribed licorice for flare-ups of arthritis,but back then they didn't know that licorice contained saponins, anti-inflammatorycompounds similar to natural steroid hormones. Licorice stimulatesthe production of 2 steroids, cortisone and aldosterone.

A list of 365 medicinal herbs were compiled in China about 2,000years ago, called the Shennong Herbal. Licorice was listed as a 'superior'drug, meaning it can be used over a long period of time without toxiceffects. It actually has antiviral, antiallergic and, as stated, anti-inflammatoryproperties.

Licorice root, considered of great importance in Chinese medicine,is sold in long, dry, wrinkled pieces. It is used in a large numberof prescriptions as a corrective and harmonizing ingredient. The extractis used in the composition of cough lozenges, syrups, and pastilles.

In the United States, the National Cancer Institute is investigatingtriterpenoids, compounds found in licorice root, for the capabilityto inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and prevent tooth decay.

The Japanese are investigating glycyrrhetic acid as a possible cancertreatment.

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) was known to the Blackfeet tribeas 'Pa ki to ki' and was a remedy for sore throat and stomach trouble.They steeped the gray leaves.

Licorice is used in great quantities in modern tobacco mixtures.
Nutrient :Manganese, phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9,and E.
Sold :Powder

Capsules: take 1 capsule to up to 3 times daily.

Mi-kan
Name :Mi-kan
Synonyms : Chineselicorice

Gancao (Chinese name)

Kan-ts'ao

Kuo-lao

Licoriceroot

Ling-t'ung

Liquorice

Lu-ts'ao

Mei-ts'ao

Mi-kan

Mi-ts'ao

Sweetlicorice

Sweetwood

YastiMadhu (Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Root, dried
Habitat :Found wild in southern and central Europe and parts of Asia, andcultivated elsewhere. Grows abundantly in Northern China, Mongolia,especially from the region of Kokonor.
Description :Licorice is a perennial erect branching plant 3-7 feet tall; thewoody rootstock is wrinkled and brown on the outside, yellow on theinside, and tastes sweet. The stem, which is round on the lower partand angular higher up, bears alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 3-7pairs of ovate, dark green leaflets. Axillary racemes of yellowishor purplish 3-foot-long spikes of flowers appear from June to August,depending on location.

Full sun to partial shade. The roots are dug when sweetest, in autumnof the 4th year, preferably from plants that have not borne fruit,a process that exhausts the sweetness of the sap.

Another variety of licorice is Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota).It can be used like G. glabra. Wild licorice can raise blood pressurelike G. glabra.
Constituents :Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin,glycosides, volatile oil, coumarins, estrogenic substances, sterols,saponins, manganese, PABA, pantothenic acid, pentacyclic terpenes,phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, andyellow dye.

Substances in this herb seem to produce physiological reactions ofdesoxycorticosterone, with associated retention of sodium and waterand the excretion of potassium.

Demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, emetic, emolient, pectoral,alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, sedative, tonic, stimulant
Uses :Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis,consumption, colitis,cystitis, general debility, stomach ulcers,diverticulosis, indigestion, gastritis,bladder, kidneyailments, stress, colds,coughs, laryngitis or hoarseness, sore throats,relieves thirst, fevers, nausea, and inflammation.Cleanses the colon, lowers blood cholesterol,promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscleor skeletal spasms, and increases fluidity of mucus from the lungs,coughs, hoarseness, mucous congestion, and bronchialtubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice.

A strong decoction makes a good laxative for children and may alsohelp to reduce fever. Add licorice to other medicines to make themmore palatable.

Externally, used as an ointment for eczema,psoriasis, burns,boils, sores, ulcers,and redness of the skin. Made by adding 2% of licorice juice to anantibiotic formula.

Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon.

Deglycerrhizinated licorice may stimulate the body's defense mechanismsthat prevent the occurrence of ulcers by increasing the amount ofmucous-secreting cells in the digestive tract. This improves the qualityof mucous, lengthens intestinal cell life and enhances microcirculationin the gastrointestinal lining. Licorice derivatives have been recommendedas a standard nutritional support for peptic ulcersufferers in Europe.

Licorice is 50 times sweeter than sugar.
Dosage :Decoction: use 1 tsp. rootstock with 1 cup water. Take 1 cupa day.

Licorice mixed with wild cherry, and flaxseed makes a wonderful coughsyrup.

For sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, coughs, and bronchial irritations,the following Chinese formula should be sipped slowly:

Kan-ts'ao (licorice root) 1/2 oz. Chih-ma (flaxseed) 1 oz.

Boil in 1-1/2 pints of water for 10 minutes, strain. Dose: 1 cupof hot tea, 3 to 4 times a day. Sip slowly.
Safety :Do not use licorice root if you have high blood pressure, liver disease,or low levels of potassium. The increased production of aldosteronecan raise blood pressure; believed to cause retention of fluids; inlarge quantities, licorice can sap potassium and calcium from thebody, which is extremely dangerous. Not to be taken by people witha rapid heartbeat or those taking digoxin-based drugs. Avoid in casesof osteoporosis, hypertension, and swelling around the heart. Licoriceis contraindicated in cases where there is a tendency towards fluidretention, edema with high blood pressure. It should be used moderatelyfor women, who tend to retain water more than men. Application shouldnot continue for more than 4-6 weeks.

Women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should not use licorice duringPMS, due to its ability to cause water retention or bloating.

Licorice-flavored candy does not offer the same benefits as preparationsfrom the root, but can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Myths :Licorice was used as a treatment for coughs as long ago as the thirdcentury BC. When the 3,000 year old tomb of King Tutankhamen of Egyptwas opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored withfabulous jewelry and magnificent art works. Did the boy king havea special liking for licorice?

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice a general tonic,beautifying agent, and elixir of life.

Ancient Chinese divided their drugs into 3 classes, according totheir reputed properties. Licorice was of the first class because'They preserve the life of man, and therefore resemble Heaven. Theyare not poisonous. No matter how much you take, and how often youuse them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple,improve the breath, become old in years without aging in body, thenmake use of drugs of this class.'

It has been stated that 'Licorice sugar will not crystallize norferment, even when yeast is added.'

Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC; Pliny wrote 1900 yearsago about the juice of licorice helping to clear the voice. It ismentioned in practically all botanical records of mankind.

In World War I, the French provided their troops with a beveragemade with licorice root.

The Chinese claim to have used the herb root for more than 5,000years. Chinese healers prescribed licorice for flare-ups of arthritis,but back then they didn't know that licorice contained saponins, anti-inflammatorycompounds similar to natural steroid hormones. Licorice stimulatesthe production of 2 steroids, cortisone and aldosterone.

A list of 365 medicinal herbs were compiled in China about 2,000years ago, called the Shennong Herbal. Licorice was listed as a 'superior'drug, meaning it can be used over a long period of time without toxiceffects. It actually has antiviral, antiallergic and, as stated, anti-inflammatoryproperties.

Licorice root, considered of great importance in Chinese medicine,is sold in long, dry, wrinkled pieces. It is used in a large numberof prescriptions as a corrective and harmonizing ingredient. The extractis used in the composition of cough lozenges, syrups, and pastilles.

In the United States, the National Cancer Institute is investigatingtriterpenoids, compounds found in licorice root, for the capabilityto inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and prevent tooth decay.

The Japanese are investigating glycyrrhetic acid as a possible cancertreatment.

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) was known to the Blackfeet tribeas 'Pa ki to ki' and was a remedy for sore throat and stomach trouble.They steeped the gray leaves.

Licorice is used in great quantities in modern tobacco mixtures.
Nutrient :Manganese, phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9,and E.
Sold :Powder

Capsules: take 1 capsule to up to 3 times daily.

Sesame
Name :Sesame
Synonyms : Hei-chih-ma(Chinese name)

Sesameseed

Tila(Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Seeds
Habitat :A native to Africa and the warmer parts of Asia. Naturalized fromFlorida to Texas, it is happiest in its native tropics and will growin warm climates. Requires full sun and rich, moist soil.
Description :Sesame is a strong, slender annual growing to 1 1/2-3 feet tall,with slender, dark-green leaves, 5 inches long, and inch-long, palepink flowers, resembling foxglove, which lie along the square stem.The seeds vary in color: red, black, brown, or creamy white seeds.Seedpods will not develop without adequate moisture; requires wateringduring dry periods. It is a warmth-loving plant which will only matureits seeds in our southern states and Hawaii, though it may be startedearly in pots in the north and planted in the garden for decorativepurposes. Full sun. Zones 8-10.

Another variety: The Chinese use a plant called sesame (Sesamumindicum) that they name Hu-ma. The famous general, Chang Chien, tookthe seed from the West to China when he made his famous tour in thetime of the Han dynasty.
Constituents :Over 50% fatty oil, (including olein, linolein, palmitin, stearinand myristin), lecithin, choline, 1% oxalate acid, choroginic acid,vitamins E, A and B and appreciable amounts of calcium.

Demulcent, digestive, excretory, emollient, laxative, nutritive,tonic
Uses :Nourishes the liver and kidneys, lubricates dry intestines, darkensprematurely graying hair. Treats backache, tinnitus,blurry vision, migraines,vertigo or dizziness, chronicconstipation, hemorrhoids,dysentery, amenorrhea,dysmenorrhea, recedinggums, tooth decay, hair loss, weak bones, osteoporosis, emaciation,dry cough, blood in the urine, weak knees, stiffjoints.

Because of its easily assimilated calcium content, it nourishes theblood, calms nervous spasms, and alleviates headaches,dizziness and numbness caused by deficient blood. Its a good tonic,particularly for the aged.

The oil of sesame will help burns,boils, ulcers,sunburn, remove freckles, agespots.
Dosage :The seeds are thoroughly ground into powder and mixed into a pastewith honey; take 2 tsp. daily. In the Middle East this mixture iseaten as a candy called halva. If you make your own, for variety adda dash of vanilla or maple flavoring, or add chopped nuts or dates.Shape into 2 tsp. balls or patties and refrigerate. Eat one pattyper day. It has the consistency of fudge.

For dry cough, asthmatic andlung conditions, combine the powdered seeds with a pinch of blackpepper, ginger juice, and honey. Take 1 tbsp. 3 times a day.
Safety :Care should be taken in obesity.
Myths :Earliest records show that sesame seed was a staple food and oilsource in China, Japan, and India, and was used in ancient Greece.The Egyptians and Persians of Biblical times ground it into a kindof flour, from which they made bread. The Romans crushed the seedand used it like butter for a spread on bread. Today it is still usedas a bread spread, the oil being used in the manufacture of some oleo-margarines.

Each plant produces only 1 tbsp. of seed, often none in cool climates.

One source claims that the halva candy is an aphrodisiac. It containsa rich supply of potassium and magnesium salts of aspartic acid. Inaddition, you get a bonus of vitamin E (called the fertility vitamin),calcium, phosphorus, and unsaturated fatty acids (vitamin F) as wellas lecithin, and 50% more protein than meat. The hormone hypophysealproduced by the pituitary gland is basically protein in nature andobviously needs this nutrient in the diet for its development. Thishormone is a key factor to healthy activity of the sex glands. Sothat is why some people call halva the Sex Candy.
Nutrient :Carbohydrates, phosphorus, niacin, protein, calcium, vitamins C,E and A, and unsaturated fatty acids.
Sold :Halva or Halvah bars can be obtained in health food stores but besure to read the label, some are fortified with large amounts of sugaror corn syrup instead of honey. There are various flavors: vanilla,chocolate, and marbled, or with chopped nut covering.

You can buy sesame seeds at health food stores, mail order healthfood companies, herb companies, and even at some supermarkets or cornergrocery stores.

Sesame Seed
Name :Sesame Seed
Synonyms : Hei-chih-ma(Chinese name)

Sesameseed

Tila(Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Seeds
Habitat :A native to Africa and the warmer parts of Asia. Naturalized fromFlorida to Texas, it is happiest in its native tropics and will growin warm climates. Requires full sun and rich, moist soil.
Description :Sesame is a strong, slender annual growing to 1 1/2-3 feet tall,with slender, dark-green leaves, 5 inches long, and inch-long, palepink flowers, resembling foxglove, which lie along the square stem.The seeds vary in color: red, black, brown, or creamy white seeds.Seedpods will not develop without adequate moisture; requires wateringduring dry periods. It is a warmth-loving plant which will only matureits seeds in our southern states and Hawaii, though it may be startedearly in pots in the north and planted in the garden for decorativepurposes. Full sun. Zones 8-10.

Another variety: The Chinese use a plant called sesame (Sesamumindicum) that they name Hu-ma. The famous general, Chang Chien, tookthe seed from the West to China when he made his famous tour in thetime of the Han dynasty.
Constituents :Over 50% fatty oil, (including olein, linolein, palmitin, stearinand myristin), lecithin, choline, 1% oxalate acid, choroginic acid,vitamins E, A and B and appreciable amounts of calcium.

Demulcent, digestive, excretory, emollient, laxative, nutritive,tonic
Uses :Nourishes the liver and kidneys, lubricates dry intestines, darkensprematurely graying hair. Treats backache, tinnitus,blurry vision, migraines,vertigo or dizziness, chronicconstipation, hemorrhoids,dysentery, amenorrhea,dysmenorrhea, recedinggums, tooth decay, hair loss, weak bones, osteoporosis, emaciation,dry cough, blood in the urine, weak knees, stiffjoints.

Because of its easily assimilated calcium content, it nourishes theblood, calms nervous spasms, and alleviates headaches,dizziness and numbness caused by deficient blood. Its a good tonic,particularly for the aged.

The oil of sesame will help burns,boils, ulcers,sunburn, remove freckles, agespots.
Dosage :The seeds are thoroughly ground into powder and mixed into a pastewith honey; take 2 tsp. daily. In the Middle East this mixture iseaten as a candy called halva. If you make your own, for variety adda dash of vanilla or maple flavoring, or add chopped nuts or dates.Shape into 2 tsp. balls or patties and refrigerate. Eat one pattyper day. It has the consistency of fudge.

For dry cough, asthmatic andlung conditions, combine the powdered seeds with a pinch of blackpepper, ginger juice, and honey. Take 1 tbsp. 3 times a day.
Safety :Care should be taken in obesity.
Myths :Earliest records show that sesame seed was a staple food and oilsource in China, Japan, and India, and was used in ancient Greece.The Egyptians and Persians of Biblical times ground it into a kindof flour, from which they made bread. The Romans crushed the seedand used it like butter for a spread on bread. Today it is still usedas a bread spread, the oil being used in the manufacture of some oleo-margarines.

Each plant produces only 1 tbsp. of seed, often none in cool climates.

One source claims that the halva candy is an aphrodisiac. It containsa rich supply of potassium and magnesium salts of aspartic acid. Inaddition, you get a bonus of vitamin E (called the fertility vitamin),calcium, phosphorus, and unsaturated fatty acids (vitamin F) as wellas lecithin, and 50% more protein than meat. The hormone hypophysealproduced by the pituitary gland is basically protein in nature andobviously needs this nutrient in the diet for its development. Thishormone is a key factor to healthy activity of the sex glands. Sothat is why some people call halva the Sex Candy.
Nutrient :Carbohydrates, phosphorus, niacin, protein, calcium, vitamins C,E and A, and unsaturated fatty acids.
Sold :Halva or Halvah bars can be obtained in health food stores but besure to read the label, some are fortified with large amounts of sugaror corn syrup instead of honey. There are various flavors: vanilla,chocolate, and marbled, or with chopped nut covering.

You can buy sesame seeds at health food stores, mail order healthfood companies, herb companies, and even at some supermarkets or cornergrocery stores.

Sweet Licorice
Name :Sweet Licorice
Synonyms : Chineselicorice

Gancao (Chinese name)

Kan-ts'ao

Kuo-lao

Licoriceroot

Ling-t'ung

Liquorice

Lu-ts'ao

Mei-ts'ao

Mi-kan

Mi-ts'ao

Sweetlicorice

Sweetwood

YastiMadhu (Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Root, dried
Habitat :Found wild in southern and central Europe and parts of Asia, andcultivated elsewhere. Grows abundantly in Northern China, Mongolia,especially from the region of Kokonor.
Description :Licorice is a perennial erect branching plant 3-7 feet tall; thewoody rootstock is wrinkled and brown on the outside, yellow on theinside, and tastes sweet. The stem, which is round on the lower partand angular higher up, bears alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 3-7pairs of ovate, dark green leaflets. Axillary racemes of yellowishor purplish 3-foot-long spikes of flowers appear from June to August,depending on location.

Full sun to partial shade. The roots are dug when sweetest, in autumnof the 4th year, preferably from plants that have not borne fruit,a process that exhausts the sweetness of the sap.

Another variety of licorice is Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota).It can be used like G. glabra. Wild licorice can raise blood pressurelike G. glabra.
Constituents :Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin,glycosides, volatile oil, coumarins, estrogenic substances, sterols,saponins, manganese, PABA, pantothenic acid, pentacyclic terpenes,phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, andyellow dye.

Substances in this herb seem to produce physiological reactions ofdesoxycorticosterone, with associated retention of sodium and waterand the excretion of potassium.

Demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, emetic, emolient, pectoral,alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, sedative, tonic, stimulant
Uses :Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis,consumption, colitis,cystitis, general debility, stomach ulcers,diverticulosis, indigestion, gastritis,bladder, kidneyailments, stress, colds,coughs, laryngitis or hoarseness, sore throats,relieves thirst, fevers, nausea, and inflammation.Cleanses the colon, lowers blood cholesterol,promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscleor skeletal spasms, and increases fluidity of mucus from the lungs,coughs, hoarseness, mucous congestion, and bronchialtubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice.

A strong decoction makes a good laxative for children and may alsohelp to reduce fever. Add licorice to other medicines to make themmore palatable.

Externally, used as an ointment for eczema,psoriasis, burns,boils, sores, ulcers,and redness of the skin. Made by adding 2% of licorice juice to anantibiotic formula.

Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon.

Deglycerrhizinated licorice may stimulate the body's defense mechanismsthat prevent the occurrence of ulcers by increasing the amount ofmucous-secreting cells in the digestive tract. This improves the qualityof mucous, lengthens intestinal cell life and enhances microcirculationin the gastrointestinal lining. Licorice derivatives have been recommendedas a standard nutritional support for peptic ulcersufferers in Europe.

Licorice is 50 times sweeter than sugar.
Dosage :Decoction: use 1 tsp. rootstock with 1 cup water. Take 1 cupa day.

Licorice mixed with wild cherry, and flaxseed makes a wonderful coughsyrup.

For sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, coughs, and bronchial irritations,the following Chinese formula should be sipped slowly:

Kan-ts'ao (licorice root) 1/2 oz. Chih-ma (flaxseed) 1 oz.

Boil in 1-1/2 pints of water for 10 minutes, strain. Dose: 1 cupof hot tea, 3 to 4 times a day. Sip slowly.
Safety :Do not use licorice root if you have high blood pressure, liver disease,or low levels of potassium. The increased production of aldosteronecan raise blood pressure; believed to cause retention of fluids; inlarge quantities, licorice can sap potassium and calcium from thebody, which is extremely dangerous. Not to be taken by people witha rapid heartbeat or those taking digoxin-based drugs. Avoid in casesof osteoporosis, hypertension, and swelling around the heart. Licoriceis contraindicated in cases where there is a tendency towards fluidretention, edema with high blood pressure. It should be used moderatelyfor women, who tend to retain water more than men. Application shouldnot continue for more than 4-6 weeks.

Women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should not use licorice duringPMS, due to its ability to cause water retention or bloating.

Licorice-flavored candy does not offer the same benefits as preparationsfrom the root, but can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Myths :Licorice was used as a treatment for coughs as long ago as the thirdcentury BC. When the 3,000 year old tomb of King Tutankhamen of Egyptwas opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored withfabulous jewelry and magnificent art works. Did the boy king havea special liking for licorice?

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice a general tonic,beautifying agent, and elixir of life.

Ancient Chinese divided their drugs into 3 classes, according totheir reputed properties. Licorice was of the first class because'They preserve the life of man, and therefore resemble Heaven. Theyare not poisonous. No matter how much you take, and how often youuse them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple,improve the breath, become old in years without aging in body, thenmake use of drugs of this class.'

It has been stated that 'Licorice sugar will not crystallize norferment, even when yeast is added.'

Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC; Pliny wrote 1900 yearsago about the juice of licorice helping to clear the voice. It ismentioned in practically all botanical records of mankind.

In World War I, the French provided their troops with a beveragemade with licorice root.

The Chinese claim to have used the herb root for more than 5,000years. Chinese healers prescribed licorice for flare-ups of arthritis,but back then they didn't know that licorice contained saponins, anti-inflammatorycompounds similar to natural steroid hormones. Licorice stimulatesthe production of 2 steroids, cortisone and aldosterone.

A list of 365 medicinal herbs were compiled in China about 2,000years ago, called the Shennong Herbal. Licorice was listed as a 'superior'drug, meaning it can be used over a long period of time without toxiceffects. It actually has antiviral, antiallergic and, as stated, anti-inflammatoryproperties.

Licorice root, considered of great importance in Chinese medicine,is sold in long, dry, wrinkled pieces. It is used in a large numberof prescriptions as a corrective and harmonizing ingredient. The extractis used in the composition of cough lozenges, syrups, and pastilles.

In the United States, the National Cancer Institute is investigatingtriterpenoids, compounds found in licorice root, for the capabilityto inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and prevent tooth decay.

The Japanese are investigating glycyrrhetic acid as a possible cancertreatment.

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) was known to the Blackfeet tribeas 'Pa ki to ki' and was a remedy for sore throat and stomach trouble.They steeped the gray leaves.

Licorice is used in great quantities in modern tobacco mixtures.
Nutrient :Manganese, phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9,and E.
Sold :Powder

Capsules: take 1 capsule to up to 3 times daily.

Sweet Wood
Name :Sweet Wood
Synonyms : Chineselicorice

Gancao (Chinese name)

Kan-ts'ao

Kuo-lao

Licoriceroot

Ling-t'ung

Liquorice

Lu-ts'ao

Mei-ts'ao

Mi-kan

Mi-ts'ao

Sweetlicorice

Sweetwood

YastiMadhu (Sanskrit name)

Parts Used :Root, dried
Habitat :Found wild in southern and central Europe and parts of Asia, andcultivated elsewhere. Grows abundantly in Northern China, Mongolia,especially from the region of Kokonor.
Description :Licorice is a perennial erect branching plant 3-7 feet tall; thewoody rootstock is wrinkled and brown on the outside, yellow on theinside, and tastes sweet. The stem, which is round on the lower partand angular higher up, bears alternate, odd-pinnate leaves with 3-7pairs of ovate, dark green leaflets. Axillary racemes of yellowishor purplish 3-foot-long spikes of flowers appear from June to August,depending on location.

Full sun to partial shade. The roots are dug when sweetest, in autumnof the 4th year, preferably from plants that have not borne fruit,a process that exhausts the sweetness of the sap.

Another variety of licorice is Wild Licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota).It can be used like G. glabra. Wild licorice can raise blood pressurelike G. glabra.
Constituents :Asparagine, biotin, choline, fat, glycyrrhizin, gum, inositol, lecithin,glycosides, volatile oil, coumarins, estrogenic substances, sterols,saponins, manganese, PABA, pantothenic acid, pentacyclic terpenes,phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9, and E, andyellow dye.

Substances in this herb seem to produce physiological reactions ofdesoxycorticosterone, with associated retention of sodium and waterand the excretion of potassium.

Demulcent, diuretic, expectorant, laxative, emetic, emolient, pectoral,alterative, anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, sedative, tonic, stimulant
Uses :Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis,consumption, colitis,cystitis, general debility, stomach ulcers,diverticulosis, indigestion, gastritis,bladder, kidneyailments, stress, colds,coughs, laryngitis or hoarseness, sore throats,relieves thirst, fevers, nausea, and inflammation.Cleanses the colon, lowers blood cholesterol,promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscleor skeletal spasms, and increases fluidity of mucus from the lungs,coughs, hoarseness, mucous congestion, and bronchialtubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice.

A strong decoction makes a good laxative for children and may alsohelp to reduce fever. Add licorice to other medicines to make themmore palatable.

Externally, used as an ointment for eczema,psoriasis, burns,boils, sores, ulcers,and redness of the skin. Made by adding 2% of licorice juice to anantibiotic formula.

Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon.

Deglycerrhizinated licorice may stimulate the body's defense mechanismsthat prevent the occurrence of ulcers by increasing the amount ofmucous-secreting cells in the digestive tract. This improves the qualityof mucous, lengthens intestinal cell life and enhances microcirculationin the gastrointestinal lining. Licorice derivatives have been recommendedas a standard nutritional support for peptic ulcersufferers in Europe.

Licorice is 50 times sweeter than sugar.
Dosage :Decoction: use 1 tsp. rootstock with 1 cup water. Take 1 cupa day.

Licorice mixed with wild cherry, and flaxseed makes a wonderful coughsyrup.

For sore throat, phlegm, hoarseness, coughs, and bronchial irritations,the following Chinese formula should be sipped slowly:

Kan-ts'ao (licorice root) 1/2 oz. Chih-ma (flaxseed) 1 oz.

Boil in 1-1/2 pints of water for 10 minutes, strain. Dose: 1 cupof hot tea, 3 to 4 times a day. Sip slowly.
Safety :Do not use licorice root if you have high blood pressure, liver disease,or low levels of potassium. The increased production of aldosteronecan raise blood pressure; believed to cause retention of fluids; inlarge quantities, licorice can sap potassium and calcium from thebody, which is extremely dangerous. Not to be taken by people witha rapid heartbeat or those taking digoxin-based drugs. Avoid in casesof osteoporosis, hypertension, and swelling around the heart. Licoriceis contraindicated in cases where there is a tendency towards fluidretention, edema with high blood pressure. It should be used moderatelyfor women, who tend to retain water more than men. Application shouldnot continue for more than 4-6 weeks.

Women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) should not use licorice duringPMS, due to its ability to cause water retention or bloating.

Licorice-flavored candy does not offer the same benefits as preparationsfrom the root, but can cause an increase in blood pressure.
Myths :Licorice was used as a treatment for coughs as long ago as the thirdcentury BC. When the 3,000 year old tomb of King Tutankhamen of Egyptwas opened, archeologists found quantities of licorice stored withfabulous jewelry and magnificent art works. Did the boy king havea special liking for licorice?

Like the Chinese, the Hindus considered licorice a general tonic,beautifying agent, and elixir of life.

Ancient Chinese divided their drugs into 3 classes, according totheir reputed properties. Licorice was of the first class because'They preserve the life of man, and therefore resemble Heaven. Theyare not poisonous. No matter how much you take, and how often youuse them, they are not harmful. If you wish to make the body supple,improve the breath, become old in years without aging in body, thenmake use of drugs of this class.'

It has been stated that 'Licorice sugar will not crystallize norferment, even when yeast is added.'

Hippocrates mentioned licorice in 400 BC; Pliny wrote 1900 yearsago about the juice of licorice helping to clear the voice. It ismentioned in practically all botanical records of mankind.

In World War I, the French provided their troops with a beveragemade with licorice root.

The Chinese claim to have used the herb root for more than 5,000years. Chinese healers prescribed licorice for flare-ups of arthritis,but back then they didn't know that licorice contained saponins, anti-inflammatorycompounds similar to natural steroid hormones. Licorice stimulatesthe production of 2 steroids, cortisone and aldosterone.

A list of 365 medicinal herbs were compiled in China about 2,000years ago, called the Shennong Herbal. Licorice was listed as a 'superior'drug, meaning it can be used over a long period of time without toxiceffects. It actually has antiviral, antiallergic and, as stated, anti-inflammatoryproperties.

Licorice root, considered of great importance in Chinese medicine,is sold in long, dry, wrinkled pieces. It is used in a large numberof prescriptions as a corrective and harmonizing ingredient. The extractis used in the composition of cough lozenges, syrups, and pastilles.

In the United States, the National Cancer Institute is investigatingtriterpenoids, compounds found in licorice root, for the capabilityto inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and prevent tooth decay.

The Japanese are investigating glycyrrhetic acid as a possible cancertreatment.

Licorice Root (Glycyrrhiza lepidota) was known to the Blackfeet tribeas 'Pa ki to ki' and was a remedy for sore throat and stomach trouble.They steeped the gray leaves.

Licorice is used in great quantities in modern tobacco mixtures.
Nutrient :Manganese, phosphorus, protein, sugar, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B9,and E.
Sold :Powder

Capsules: take 1 capsule to up to 3 times daily.

 
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